Houston was settled by two brothers in August,1836. A year later it got the status of a city and was named in honor of the President of Texas Sam Houston. Nowadays the monument to this historical person stands in one of the most visited parks of the city. In 1837 Houston got the status of the political center of Texas. Two years later Austin became the capital of the Republic.
By 1870 Houston had grown to be the 3rd biggest settlement in Texas with the population over 9,000 residents.